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考研英语冲刺:同义转换补充<br />

2008-01-08 00:00:00来源:新东方集团网

acceleration: n.加速度,加速【同】speeding up, hastening, increase of speed, quickening, hurrying, expedition, stepping up, picking up speed


accessory: n. ① 附件, 零件, 附加物 ②从犯, 同谋者adj.附属的, 补充的, 同谋的, 副的【同】helper, aid, assistant, see associate


accumulate: v.积聚, 堆积【同】hoard, get together, gather (into a mass), collect (a bulk of), heap, store, assemble, aggregate, concentrate, stack up or together, stockpile, store up, heap up or together, acquire, gain, load up, attach, draw or bring together, lump together, unite, incorporate, add to, profit, make money, grow rich, build up, gain control; increase, swell, build up, expand, grow, enlarge; multiply【反】scatter, squander, distribute


adjoin: v.邻接, 毗连【同】be close to, lie beside, be adjacent to; unite, append, join


advance: n. ①前进, 提升【同】impetus, progression, motion, progress ②预付款【同】allowance, credit, loan v. ①前进, 提前,提出【同】progress, proceed, move on, press on, stride forward, go forth, speed on, step forward, come to the front, move onward【反】halt, stop, stand still ②预付make payment, prepay, pay up【同】adj. 前面的, 预先的【同】radical, unconventional, ahead of the times


adhere:[Ed5hiE] v. ①粘附, 胶着 ②坚持【同】follow, be devoted to, obey; conform to, observe, abide by, comply (with); cling to, hold fast onto, stick to


adverse: [5AdvE:s ] adj.不利的, 敌对的, 相反的【同】hostile, conflicting, unfriendly; unfavorable, inopportune, disadvantageous


affiliate:v. (使…)加入, 接受为会员【同】combine, associate, form connection with, associate, untie


agitation:  n. ①激动, 兴奋② 煽动, 搅动【同】stir, confusion, tumult, excitement


apprehension: n. ①理解【同】comprehension, grasp, perspicacity, judgment ②忧惧【同】dread, fear③拘捕【同】capture, seizure, detention, arrest


agony: n.苦恼, 极大的痛苦【同】suffering, torture, anguish, pain


appraisal: n.评价, 估价(尤指估价财产,以便征税), 鉴定【同】assess, price, value; calculate, evaluate, figure, estimate


alien:n.外侨 adj. ①外国的, 相异的②不同, 背道而驰【同】exotic, strange, unknown, foreign; different, dissimilar, outlandish, queer


anonymous: adj.匿名的【同】unsigned, nameless, unknown, unacknowledged, unnamed, authorless, unclaimed, unidentified, bearing no name【反】named, signed, acknowledged


arbitrary: adj. ①任意的【同】willful, self-assertive, injudicious, inconsistent, irresponsible, opinionated, unreasonable, unscientific, superficial②武断的, 独裁的, 专断的【同】dictatorial, tyrannical, absolute, autocratic


assimilate: v.吸收【同】v. take up, digest, absorb; grasp, learn, sense; see understand; adapt, acclimatize, accustom, conform


auxiliary: adj.辅助的, 补助的【同】aiding, assisting, supporting, collaborating, co-operating; secondary, subordinate


blunder: v. ①跌跌撞撞地走②犯大错, 做错 n.大错, 失误【同】mistake, lapse, oversight, error


challenge: n.挑战【同】dare, provocation, threat vt.向……挑战【同】to invite to contest, threaten; dispute, inquire, doubt, question【反】abandon, give up, put away


coherent: adj. ①粘在一起的【同】consistent, identified, combined②一致的, 连贯的【同】comprehensible, sound, intelligible


comply: vi. ①顺从, 答应②遵守【同】conform, agree to, obey


compromise: n.妥协, 折衷【同】bargaining, granting, concessions, finding a middle course, agreement v. ①妥协, 折衷【同】agree, conciliate, find a middle ground, take to arbitration, negotiate②危及……的安全【同】jeopardize, hazard, imperil


conspicuous: adj. 显著的【同】outstanding, eminent, distinguished, celebrated, notable, illustrious, prominent, remarkable, renowned, famed, notorious, glaring, noticeable


dilemma: n.进退两难的局面, 困难的选择【同】perplexity, predicament, situation, plight, difficulty


elaborate:v. ①精心制作 ②详细阐述, 详细描述 adj. ①精心制作的②详细阐述的【同】complicated, extensive, laborious, minute, widely developed, intricate, involved, highly organized, many-faceted, complex, painstaking, studied


exaggerate: v.夸大, 夸张【同】overestimate, overdraw, overstate, misrepresent, falsify, magnify, expand, amplify, pile up, heighten, intensify, distort, enlarge (on), make too much of, lie, fabricate, corrupt【反】underestimate, tell the truth, minimize


feasible: adj.可行的, 切实可行的【同】achievable, attainable, workable; probable, practicable hypocrisy: n. 伪善,口是心非 【同】affectation, bad faith, hollowness, display, lip service, sham, fraud, pretense of virtue or piety, false goodness, deception, dishonesty, lie


gloomy: adj. ①黑暗的, 阴沉的 ②令人沮丧的 ③阴郁的【同】dim, clouded, unlit; downhearted, depressed; dreary, depressing, discouraging


hypocrisy: n. 伪善,口是心非 【同】affectation, bad faith, hollowness, display, lip service, sham, fraud, pretense of virtue or piety, false goodness, deception, dishonesty, lie


integral: adj. ①完整的 ②整体的, 构成整体所需要的【同】complete, indivisible, aggregate, undivided, unbroken, elemental, whole


intermittent: adj. 间歇的, 断断续续的【同】periodic, shifting, coming and going, broken, epochal, discontinuous, every other, on and off, fitful, occasional, now and then, changing, periodic


lame: [leim] vi.变跛, 瘸行adj. ①跛足的【同】crippled, defective, limping, deformed, disabled ②(辩解、论据等)无说服力的【同】inefficient, ineffective, faltering, faulty, inadequate, poor, unfinished, unsatisfactory, wanting


mean: adj. ①低劣的, 卑鄙的【同】base, low, debased, vulgar②普通的, 简陋的【同】③吝啬的miserly, niggardly, greedy【同】④平均的【同】mediocre, middling, halfway, common, conventional v. ①意味, 想要 ②用意, 有意义【同】indicate, spell, denote, signify, betoken, import, add up, determine, symbolize, imply, involve, touch on, stand for, drive at, point to, connote, suggest, express, designate, tell the meaning of n.平均数, 中间, 中庸 【同】middle, median, midpoint, average, center


obstinate: adj.倔强的, 顽固的【同】stubborn, firm, headstrong, dogged, opinionated, strong-minded, inflexible, unimpressible, determined, convinced, resolved, self-willed, unalterable, unconquerable, unyielding, unbending, immovable, decided, callous, hard, hardened, relentless, resistant, repulsive, willful, prejudiced, biased, unreasoning, resolute


orthodox: adj. ①正统的, 传统的, 保守的 ②习惯的【同】standard, customary, doctrinal, conservative, conventional


pension: n. 养老金, 退休金【同】annuity, premium, payment, grant, social security, gift, reward, allowance, subsidy


submerge: v. ①浸没, 淹没, 掩没 ②潜水【同】submerse, engulf, swamp, immerse; descend, immerse, subside, sink


tentative: adj. ①试验性的, 试探的, 尝试的 ②暂定的【同】provisional, probationary trial, on trial, makeshift, experimental【反】conclusive, final, decisive 


本文选自新东方李东升的博客,博客链接地址http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4c1a085e01007y4p.html


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