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考研英语阅读理解必备短语(1)

2008-07-15 00:00:00来源:暂无来源

1. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。
2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在
3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be abso rbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost&nbs p;in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ;& nbsp;be focused on ; be centered on
5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplie d with) 富于,富有
6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without a ccident(=safely) 安全地,
8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willing ly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
9. in accord with 与…一致 &nb sp; . &nbs p; out of one’s&n bsp;accord with 同….不一致
10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照, 根据
12. on one’s own account
1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
3) (=by oneself)依靠自己
on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on ;no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.
13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要 ,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; bla me sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解;&nbs p;(=to have met socially) 熟悉
21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) ; 使自己适应于
23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new n eed) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other t han)除…外
26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply wit h, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,& nbsp;opinion, belief 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for)&nb sp; …的可能,留有…的余地.
30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
32. have an advantage over 胜过.
have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件
have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utiliz e, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. &nb sp; ahead of time 提前.
37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
38. above all (=especially, most important of all)&nb sp; 尤其是, 最重要的.
39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altoget her) 总共, 总计
40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;
all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all&nb sp;只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先;&nbs p;all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all&nb sp;but 几乎.
41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into&nb sp;account) 考虑到, 估计到.
42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liab le for, take charge for) 对…负责.
44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appe al to sb. 对某人有吸引力
48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 &n bsp; ; apply&nbs p;for申请; apply to 适用.
49. apply to 与…有关;适用
50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of,&nbs p;favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.
52. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; ar rive in 到达某地(大地方);
54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow& nbsp;because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻
55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to be lieve or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.
56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结
57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do st h.) 试图做…
58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and t hought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look af ter) 侍候,照料
59. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法
60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result&n bsp;of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果
61. on the average (=on average, on an average)& nbsp;平均
62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having&nbs p;knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.
63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in b ed) 卧病不起.
65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from ;sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃
67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
68. be based on / upon 基于
69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of&nb sp;all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) &nb sp;以…名义
73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider ;sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
76. for the better 好转
77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.
78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give bi rth to 出生
79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 &nbs p; . ; blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)
81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
83. out of breath 喘不过气来
84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
86. take the floor 起立发言
87. on business 出差办事.
88. be busy with sth.于某事 &n bsp; 。 &nb sp; ; be busy d oing sth. 忙于做某事
89. last but one 倒数第二.
90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设
91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
92. be capable of 能够, 有能力
be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的
93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever&nbs p;happens; anyhow)无论如何
94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一
in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
97. be cautious of 谨防
98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上
99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.
100. for certain of (=for sure 肯定地,有把握地
101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然
102. for a change换换环境(花样等)
103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…
104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)
in the charge of …由…管
105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with& nbsp;sth. 控告某人犯有…
107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usua lly without stopping) 昼夜不停地
108. comment on 评论
109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to priso n把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来;& nbsp;commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论
110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.
be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的
111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out&n bsp;together) 和…要好.
112. compare…with … 把…与…比较
113. compare…to… 把…比作…
114. by comparison 比较起来
115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来
116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)&n bsp;补偿, 赔偿,弥补 compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补
117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人 抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭 维)
118. comply with (=act in accordance with a deman d, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从
119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想 象,设想
120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心
121. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关
122. concern oneself about / with 关心
123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; &nb sp;at the conclusion of 当…结束时;
124. condemn sb. to 判决
125. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如.
in that = because 因为;
now that = since 既然
for all that = although 尽管
126. in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy o r fit / not fit) 健康状况好/不好 . ; & nbsp;in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态
127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong) 承认, 供认;
confess to a crime 承认罪行.
128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about&nbs p;one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖
129. in confidence 推心置腹地;
with confidence 满怀信心地;
have confidence in 对…有信心
130. confidence in sb. / sth. 对…的信赖
131. be confident of 有信心;
confidential 机密的
132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内
133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)
134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply wi th) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with照…办;&nb sp;4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to按..做
135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临
136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺
137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,
138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道
139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意
140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果
141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果
142. under consideration 在考虑中
143. in consideration of (=in return for, on acco unt of, because of 由于
144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不
145.take…into consideration (=take account of, tak e…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去
146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) & nbsp; 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的
147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist&nbs p;in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致
148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with )与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,
149. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见,&n bsp;就…向…请教
150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快
151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于b e content to do sth. 愿意做某事
152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反
153. on the contrary 相反
154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)
155. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比
by contrast 对比之下
156. contribute to 有助于
157. under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制
158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it& nbsp;suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 . &n bsp; be convenient to / for 对…方便
159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to beli eve or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信,try&nbs p;to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…
160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理
161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer o f a street在街道拐弯处;round the comer拐过弯; be in a& nbsp;tight corner陷入困境
162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters re gularly) 通信
163. correspond to 相当于 .& nbsp; correspond with 符合,一致
164. at all costs不惜任何代价 & nbsp; . &n bsp; at the cost of 以…为代价
165. a matter of course 理所当然的事
166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地
167. in (during) the course 在…过程中
168. in due course (=without too much de lay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候
169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣
170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的
171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病
172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; ;be out of danger脱离危险
173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止
174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date&n bsp;back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)
175. deal with (=concern) 论及
176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债
177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 &n bsp;
in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加
178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴
to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛;&n bsp;relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇;& nbsp;astonishment 惊奇;
179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐
180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐
181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西
182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时
183. be dependent on 依靠
184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物
185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come fr om)起源于
186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望
187. in despair 绝望
188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管
189. in detail 详细地
190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…
193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. f rom a job for) 因…解雇, 开除
195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;
in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪
196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列
197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away )处理掉
198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议
199. in dispute 在争议中
200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出

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