2012年职称英语卫生类B级概括大意(2012.2.15)

2012-02-15 00:00:00来源:网络

2012年职称英语考试报名正在进行中,新东方在线辅导团队特为考生整理了2012年职称英语卫生类每日一练,供大家练习,祝考试顺利!请大家可随时关注新东方在线职称英语考试动态栏目,我们将第一时间公布相关考试信息。
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第1-4题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2-5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5-8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。

Understanding Autism

  1 Autism(孤独症) is a life-long developmental disability that prevents individuals from properly understanding what they see,hear, and otherwise sense. This results in severe problems of social relationships,communication, and behavior. Individuals with autism have to painstakingly(费力地)learn normal patterns of speech and communication,and appropriate ways to relate to people, objects, and events, in a similar manner to those who have had a stroke

  2 The cause of autism is still unknown. Some research suggests a physical problem

  affecting those parts of the brain that process language and information coming in from the senses. There may be some imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain Genetic(遗传的) factors may sometimes be involved. Autism may indeed result from a combination of several “causes“.

  3 Most people with mental retardation(智力迟钝) show relatively even skill development. Individuals with autism,however, typically show uneven skill development, with deficits(欠缺) in certain areas-most frequently in their ability to communicate and relate to others-and distinct skills in other areas. It is important to distinguish autism from mental retardation or ether disorders,since diagnostic(诊断的)confusion may lead to inappropriate and ineffective treatment techniques.

  4 In general,individuals with autism perform best at jobs which are structured and

  involve a degree of repetition. Some people who have autism are working as artists,piano tuners, painters,farm workers,office workers, computer operators, dishwashers,assembly line workers, or employees of sheltered workshops or other sheltered work settings.

  1 Paragraph 1

  2 Paragraph 2

  3 Paragraph 3

  4 Paragraph 4

  A What causes autism?

  B How common is autism?

  C Does autism occur together with other disabilities?

  D Whutism?

  F What kinds ofat is the difference between autism and mental retardation?

  E What is a jobs can individuals with autism do?

  5. Individuals with autism are particularly weak at .

  6. It is possible that autism happens as a result of .

  7. Autism and mental retardation should be treated with .

  8. Atypical feature of people with autism is their uneven .

  A. different techniques

  B. social relationships and communication

  C. language and information

  D. several causes working together

  E. a degree of repetition

  F. skill development

  答案:EADF BDAF



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