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2012年职称英语卫生类B级阅读判断(2012.2.22)

2012-02-22 00:00:00来源:网络

2012年职称英语考试报名正在进行中,新东方在线辅导团队特为考生整理了2012年职称英语卫生类每日一练,供大家练习,祝考试顺利!请大家可随时关注新东方在线职称英语考试动态栏目,我们将第一时间公布相关考试信息。
 阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选A;如果该句的是错误信息,请选B;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请选C.

  Breast Cancer Deaths Record Low

   The number of women dying from breast cancer has fallen to a record low by dropping under 12,000 a year for the first time since records began.

  (16)The Cancer Research UK data showed that 11,990 women died in the UK in 2007.

  (17)The previous lowest figure had been recorded in 1971-the year records began after which it rose steadily year by year until the late 1980s.

  Professor Peter Johnson, Cancer Research UK's chief clinician, said: (18)"It's incredibly encouraging to see fewer women dying from breast cancer now than at any time in the last 40 years, despite breast cancer being diagnosed more often."

  " Research has played a crucial role in this progress leading to improved treatments and better management for women with the disease."

  " The introduction of the NHS(国民保健制度) breast screening program has also contributed as women are more likely to survive the earlier cancer is diagnosed. "Breast cancer is now the most common cancer in the UK with 45 ,500 women every year diagnosed with the disease-a 50% rise in 25 years.

 (21) The number of deaths peaked in 1989, when 15,625 women died. It then fell by between 200 and 400 deaths each year until 2004.

  There was a slight rise in 2005 and then two years of falls.

  Dr Sarah Cant, policy manager at Breakthrough Breast Cancer, said: "It is great news that fewer women are dying from breast cancer and highlights the impact of improved treatments, breast screening and awareness of the disease. "

  " However, this is still too many women and incidence (发生率) of the disease is increasing year by year. "

  The rising rate of breast cancer diagnosis has been put down to a variety of (22)factors including obesity(肥胖) and alcohol consumption.

  16. 11,990 women died from breast cancer in the UK in 2007.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  17. Breast cancer deaths began to be recorded in the UK in 1971.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  18. The rate of breast cancer diagnosis in the UK has been dropping.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  19. Breast cancer can come back 10 years after you were first diagnosed.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  20. Breast cancer is more common in the UK than in many other countries.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  21. Fewer women died from breast cancer in the UK in 2005 than in 2004.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  22. Obesity and alcohol consumption may also lead to some other diseases.

  A. Right   

  B. wrong   

  C. Not mentioned

  参考答案:

  16. 11,990 women died from breast cancer in the UK in 2007.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】A

  【解析】数字确认。对应第二段的"11,990 women died in the UK in 2007.(2007年,英国有11990位妇女死亡。)",因为文章的主题和第一段都明确讲的是breast cancer,第二段省略了死于breast cancer(乳腺癌),所以题干是对的。

  17. Breast cancer deaths began to be recorded in the UK in 1971.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】A

  【解析】句子展开及句意理解。对应原文第三段:The previous lowest figure had been recorded in 1971 - the year records began after which it rose steadily year by year until the late 1980s. 题干中的说法和原文是一致的。00:27:07

  18. The rate of breast cancer diagnosis in the UK has been dropping.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】B

  【解析】原文和题目中使用了表示相反意义的词。对应第四段的最后:breast cancer being diagnosed more often,而题中用的是dropping,显然是不对的。00:34:54

  19. Breast cancer can come back 10 years after you were first diagnosed.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】C

  【解析】题目中的主要内容在原文中没有提及。文中并没有关于"10 years(10年)"的语句。

  20. Breast cancer is more common in the UK than in many other countries.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】C

  【解析】题目中有比较级,原文中却没有。所以选C。

  21. Fewer women died from breast cancer in the UK in 2005 than in 2004.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】B

  【解析】与原句叙述相反。对应原文的倒数第四、五段:

  The number of deaths peaked in 1989, when 15,625 women died. It then fell by between 200 and 400 deaths each year until 2004.

  There was a slight rise in 2005 and then two years of falls. (2005年相比2004年有稍微的上升)。而题干的意思正好相反,所以选B。

  22. Obesity and alcohol consumption may also lead to some other diseases.

  A. Right   B. wrong   C. Not mentioned

  【答案】C

  【解析】题目内容比原文更具体。对应的句子是最后一段的内容:The rising rate of breast cancer diagnosis has been put down to a variety of factors including obesity and alcohol consumption. 题干的内容在文中并没有提到。所以选C。



本文关键字: 职称英语

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