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2020考研双语阅读:经常运动且肌肉发达的男性一样容易抑郁

2019-07-18 14:20:51来源:网络

  坚持英语阅读是考研英语拿高分必须要做的一件事情。新东方在线考研网整理了一些与考研英语阅读同源文章,供同学们阅读,希望对大家有所帮助。

  ►These guys really need a lift.

  这些人真的需要帮助。

  Macho men who are super into lifting weights at the gym are more likely to struggle with depression, weekend binge drinking, problematic dieting and body image issues, according to a new study from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Harvard University.

  挪威科技大学和哈佛大学联合进行的一项新研究显示,那些超级喜欢在健身房举重的强壮男性更容易有抑郁症、周末酗酒、饮食问题以及身体形象问题。

  It’s the first study of its kind to show the relationships between men wanting to look ripped and the potential psychological drawbacks, researchers say.

  研究人员称,这是首次研究男性想要看起来轮廓分明与潜在的心理缺陷之间的关系。

  Typically, body image studies focus on women attaining a skinny ideal.

  通常情况下,身体形象研究关注的是想要实现理想苗条身材的女性。

  “Parents’ alarm bells should go off if they have a youngster who’s at the gym everyday, who just wants to eat chicken and broccoli and who consumes protein shakes or supplements all the time,” says Trine Tetlie Eik-Nes, associate professor in NTNU’s Department of Neuromedicine and movement science, in a statement.

  挪威科技大学神经医学和运动科学的副教授特琳·泰特里·艾克-奈斯在一份声明中说: “如果家里有年轻人每天去健身房、只吃鸡肉和花椰菜、总是摄入叶黄素奶昔或补充剂,做父母的就应该要警觉了。”

  Eik-Nes says that if someone’s “whole world is about their workouts,” parents or friends should ask “about what they’re actually training for.”

  艾克-奈斯说,如果一个人的“整个世界都是关于锻炼”,父母或朋友应该问他“到底在锻炼什么”。

  The study, which was published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders, surveyed 2,460 men, ages 18 to 32.

  这项研究发表在《国际饮食失调杂志》上,调查了2460名年龄在18岁至32岁之间的男性。

  Ten percent of the men had a body image disorder, believing that they are too fat and want to be thinner, and 1 in 3 of them have been on a diet not related to obesity.

  10%的男性存在身体形象障碍,他们认为自己太胖,想要变瘦,其中三分之一的人节食与肥胖无关。

  “Girls are supposed to be thin and have small waistlines,” Eik-Nes says. “Boys should have wide shoulders and big muscles. Those are the narrow ideals that young people grow up with today. It turns out that this unrealistic body image is as challenging for men as for women.”

  艾克-奈斯说:“女孩应该要很瘦,腰围要小。男孩应该有宽阔的肩膀和强壮的肌肉。这些都是当今年轻人从小就有的狭隘看法。事实证明,这种不现实的身体形象对男人和女人来说都是一种挑战。”

  (全文共277个词)


本文关键字: 考研英语阅读理解

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