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2020考研长难句经典例句分析(七)

2019-04-22 11:30:56来源:网络

  考研英语复习,攻克长难句要一天天积累。大家目前对长难句的掌握如何了?新东方在线分享考研长难句经典例句分析,我们一起来学习:

  31. With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be -- even admitting that the theory on which it is based may be right -- it can hardly be classed as Literature. (2000. 阅读. Text C)。

  【译文】然而,就未来主义派诗歌而言,情况却相当不同了。因为无论未来派诗歌为何物--即使承认其理论依据是正确的--也很难称其为文学作品。

  【析句】句子的主干是the case is rather difficult, for it can...literature。主句里,with regard to是介词短语,并非从句,however表示与上文有转折关系。这一长句的难点主要在for引导的原因状语从句中。从句中,it can hardly...literature 是主句,又包含一个让步状语从句whatever Futurist poetry may be。两个破折号之间是动名词引导的插入语,甚至插入语中也存在一个which引导的定语从句。例2与例1结构相似,都是从句被其他成分割裂,需要考生自己判断整合。

  32. But it is a little upsetting to read in the explanatory notes that a certain line describes a fight between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge off which they both fall into the river -- and then to find that the line consists of the noise of their falling and the weights of the officers: "Pluff! Pluff! A hundred and eighty-five kilograms. (2000. 阅读. Text C)

  【译文】在某首诗中,未来派诗人用一行文字描写了一名土耳其军官和一名保加利亚军官在桥上发生搏斗的场面,结果双双从桥上掉入河中。看了这样的诗,有点让人摸不着头脑,后来看了注解才发现,诗把他们两人落水的声音和体重写在了一起:"扑通!扑通!185公斤。"

  【析句】句子长,结构复杂,考生不容易马上抓住句子大意。解题的对策是首先找出句子的主干部分,it is a little upsetting to read...and to find...。其中,it作形式主语,真正的主语是to read...and to find...。read后that...是第一个宾语从句,作read的宾语,从句里又有一个介词which引导的定语从句修饰bridge;find后that...是第二个宾语从句,作find的宾语。一定要注意句子中破折号、两个逗号之间的成分,把握句子的主干,然后层层分析。

  33. The coming of age of the postwar baby boom and an entry of women into the male-dominated job market have limited the opportunities of teenagers who are already questioning the heavy personal sacrifices involved in climbing Japan's rigid social ladder to good schools and jobs. (2000. 阅读. Text D)

  【译文】战后婴儿出生高峰期的到来以及妇女进入男性主宰的就业市场,限制了青少年的发展机遇,这些青少年已经开始质疑在进好学校,找好工作,攀登日本等级森严的社会阶梯的过程中所付出的的沉重个人牺牲是否值得。

  【析句】本句较长,但结构并不十分复杂。句子的主干是The coming of age...and an entry of women... have limited the opportunities of teenagers. 后有who引导的定语从句who are...sacrifices,修饰teenagers;同时,定语从句中又包含过去分词引导的从句involved in ...相当于which were involved...。

  34. Last year Mitsuo Setoyama, who was then education minister, raised eyebrows when he argued that liberal reforms introduced by the American occupation authorities after World War II had weakened the "Japanese morality of respect for parents." (2000. 阅读. Text D)

  【译文】去年,时任教育大臣的Mitsuo Setoyama就提出责难,他认为二战后美国占领当局引进的自由改革削弱了"日本尊敬父母的道德观"。

  【析句】本文的主干是Mituso Setoyama raised eyebrows when he argued...。其中,主句中,有who引导的定语从句,修饰Mitsuo Setoyama,点明人物身份;从句是when引导的时间状语从句,argue后that引导宾语从句,introduced by...WW II是liberal reforms的定语。修饰成分再多再长,只要找准主干再层层分析,问题就迎刃而解。

  35. With economic growth has come centralization; fully 76 percent of Japan's 119 million citizens live in cities where community and the extended family have been abandoned in favor of isolated, two-generation households. (2000. 阅读. Text D)

  【译文】随着经济的发展,居住集中化也随之而来,在日本1亿1900万人当中,足有76%住在城市,在那里社区和几世同堂的大家庭已经成为过去,取而代之的是单门单户的两代之家。

  【析句】注意第一句话后的标点符号为分号,说明这是完整的句子,而不是with 引导的伴随状语。实际上这是一个倒装句,真正的语序是centralization has come with economic growth.分号后,句子主干是76% of citizens live in cities,where引导地点状语从句,修饰cities。英语长难句中,一定不要忽视标点符号的作用。


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