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考研英语阅读理解必备短语(2)

2008-07-15 00:00:00来源:暂无来源
201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同
202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill)& nbsp;杀掉, 镇压
205. have…to do with 与…有关系
206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地
207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty) 对…表示疑惑
208. be due to 是由于
209. come off duty 下班
210. go on duty 上班
211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时
212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience)& nbsp;有义务(做)
213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望
214. by ear (=play music from memory wit hout having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱
215. have an ear for (=have keen recogni tion of sounds esp. in music and language)对.. 有鉴赏力
216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话
217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力
219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry&n bsp;or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
220. put sb. at his / her ease (=fr ee sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束
221. economize on (=save sth. instead of ;being wasteful) 节省
222. have an effect on 对…有影响
223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效
224. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come i nto effect; take effect; be brought into&nbs p;effect)
225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上
226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效
227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果
228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效
229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…
230. to that effect 是那个意思的…
231. emerge from ( =appear, become known 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)
232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强 调, 把重点放在…上
233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in his/ her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲
234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事 end (=finished) 结束了
237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量
238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终
239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing wh at to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽
240. end up with 以…而结束
241. come to and end (=finish) 结束
242. end in 以…为结束
243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事
244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加
245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代.& nbsp;一种生涯. 一段任期等)
247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…
248. be equal to 等于
249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough str ength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付
on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平 等地
250. be equipped with 装备有,装有
251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amou nt, meaning) 相等于, 相当于
252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上
253. at all events (=in spite of e verything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何
254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样
255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in&n bsp;the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but连用)
256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时
257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..
258. except (=but) 除了。
259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外
260. (an) exception to …的例外
261. with the exception of (=except, apart&nb sp;from) 除去…., 除…以外
262. in excess of (=more than) 超过
263. exchange…for 以…交换
264. exclusive of (=not taking into account;& nbsp;without) 不包括
265. in excuse of 作为…的借口
266. exert…on… 对…施加…
267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲
268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存 在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; c ome into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come&n bsp;into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花;
269. (be) in existence存在 come into existence& nbsp;出现
270. expect…of 在…期望…
271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)
273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….
274. beyond expression (=in a manner that&nbs p;cannot be expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的
275. give expression to 表达, 表现
find expression in 表现
276. to …extent 在…程度上
277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其
278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)
279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见
280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中
281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间
282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看, 监视
283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of 在某人看来, 在某人眼里
284. on the face of it (=judging by ;what one can see) 表面看来
285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)
286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面;&n bsp;face up to 大胆面向
287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败
288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地
289. keep faith with 对…守信用
290. lose faith in 对…失去信心
291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地
292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚
293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯
294. fall short of (=fail to reach a&nbs p;desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于
295. familiar with 熟悉,了解
296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要
297. take a fancy to (=become fond of)&n bsp;喜欢
298. by far 远, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用)
299. far from 远远不是
300. far from 非但不…(而且)
301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行
302. after the fashion (of) 依照…
303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵
304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错
305. in favour of 赞成
306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱;
out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠
307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利
308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的
309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心
310. for fear of (=in case of; because&n bsp;of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕
311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety& nbsp;of) 担心
312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养
313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired a bout sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了
314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要
315. fill in 填写
316. fill out ( =fill in 填写
317. set the world on fire=set the flame s on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就
318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事
319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.) 使..着火,放火
320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见
321. for the first time 第一次 (作状语)
322. in the first place 首先, 第一
323. fit into 刚好放入
324. fit in with ( = suit , fall&nb sp;into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致
325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable f or) 适合
326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上
focus sth. on 把…集中在…上
327. be fond of 喜欢
328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施
329. go into force 开始生效
330. by force 靠武力, 强行
331. force…on 把…强加给…
332. in the form of 以…形式
333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气
334. free of charge 免费
335. be freed from 免受, 没有…
336. in front of 在…前面
in the front of 在…前部
337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供
338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常
339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果 ) take a glance(or look) at看一眼(强调动作)
340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用
be good at 擅长于; be good&nb sp;to 对…好
341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)
342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地
343. take…for granted (=assume to be true)
把…认为理所当然的.
344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人
345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由 于…
346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空
347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕
(be) on guard 站岗
348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止 guard…against 警卫…防止
349. guess at 猜, 估计
350. by guess 靠猜
351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失
352. be in the habit of 习惯于
353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)
354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)
355. get (fall) into the habit of养成了…的习惯
356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住
357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)
358. by hand 用手工(做)
359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作
360. in hand 1)在手边 2)(=under control)控制住
361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责
362. live from hand to mouth勉强度日,现挣现吃
363. at the head of 在…的前头
364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进
365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过
366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上
367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上
368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)
369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地
370. with all one’s heart全心全意地,真心实意
371. hinder…form(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做
372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假
go on holiday = go for&nbs p;a holiday
373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortab le; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘束,熟悉
374. be honest in诚实
375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺 ,纪念
376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保
377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有
378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是
379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地
380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同
381. be identified with 被视为与…等同
382. in ignorance of 不知道…
383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledg e) 对…不了解,不知道
384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响
385. impose…on 把…强加给
386. impress…on 给…留下印象
387. make (leave) an impression on sb. = give sb. an impression 给…留下印象
388.under the impression that有..的印象,认为
389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进
improve on(=produce or be sth.& nbsp;better than…) 另做一物比原物更好
390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些
391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转
392. include…in 把…列在…里面
393. inclusive of 把…包括在内
394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的
395. indicative of 表明, 说明
396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对… 漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎
397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality&n bsp;or value) 比…差; superior to比…好
398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉
399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的
400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚 持要

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